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APRICOT FLOWER MONILIA REPORT FROM MTÜ FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE

APRICOT FLOWER MONILIA REPORT FROM MTÜ FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE

Malatya Turgut Özal University (MTÜ) Rector Prof. Dr. Aysun Bay Karabulut, held an online meeting with the members of the Faculty of Agriculture and offered solutions to the current problems of our apricot and growers, which are the engines of the Malatya economy. The result of the meeting was prepared as a report.

MTU Rector Prof. Dr. Aysun Bay Karabulut held a meeting with the members of the Faculty of Agriculture on the subject of Apricot Flower Monilia, which is one of the problems of apricot growers in Malatya, over the university’s distance education system due to the fight against coronavirus. Vice Rectors Prof. Dr. Ali Koçyiğit and Prof. Dr. Ahmet Bedri Özer, Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture Prof. Dr. Hakan Yıldırım joined the meeting.

At the meeting, the members of the MTU Faculty of Agriculture made a report of the diagnoses and recommendations on the Flower Monilia in Apricot.

– “Seasonal conditions and drug agent”

In the MTU Apricot Flower Monilia Report, “It is known that Flower Monilia is one of the chronic diseases seen in apricot, and farmers have actually been struggling with this disease for years. However, it is determined that the flowering period of apricots, which is expected to last 7-10 days under normal conditions, during the flower period in 2019/2020 production year, lasted 15-20 days. Thus, due to the biology of the disease, suitable conditions have been created for the monyllic agent known to cause infection on flowers. While the conditions were formed in this way, with the absence of medication during the flower period, the missed (not adjustable) first spraying time and the insufficient number of sprayings; it is believed that the rate of harm has increased to the upper levels due to the inability to select suitable assets licensed for monilya disease ” said.

-“Infected leaves, flowers, shoots and branches should be cut and destroyed”

In the MTU Apricot Flower Monilia Report, it was stated that cultural measures should be taken and the chemical struggle should be followed meticulously in order to minimize the risk of fighting Apricot Flower Monilia, “As cultural measures; in the gardens where the disease is seen in the spring, infected leaves, flowers, shoots and branches should be cut and destroyed, thus, sources of infection should be eliminated. Fruits and flowers, which are sources of infection and are mummified and remained on the tree, and fruits spilled on the ground should be collected and destroyed. It is known that an effective fight will be made against the disease of Flower Monilia by applying 2 times agricultural spraying on the apricot plant. Although it is known that Malatya apricot producers used to do agricultural spraying 2 times in the past years, it is thought that the 2nd spraying has been neglected in recent years and this situation reduces the plant’s resistance to disease. It was stated that the reasons for the avoidance of the 2nd spraying of the producers are an issue to be investigated and the necessity to be effective in the publication activities on this. ”

– “Pesticides should be taken under control”

“The pesticide dealers should be inspected strictly and the license holders should be checked at the beginning of the work. Pesticide dealers in Malatya should be ensured to have almost all of the licensed assets for diseases and pests, so farmers’ right to choose should be protected and the problem of endurance problems should be prevented. Dealers should be prevented from selling the same assets continuously to the same producer and to the same production parcel by introducing a registration system. In the report, there is also a proposal on “The producers registered in the farmer registration systems should be obliged to document and keep records with invoices in order to determine which drug is taken from which dealer and which drug is used for which parcel.”

The report will also be forwarded to agricultural institutions and shared with the public on the university’s website.

Meanwhile, With the instruction of Malatya Turgut Özal University Rector Prof. Dr. Aysun Bay Karabulut, Members of Faculty of Agriculture will prepare informative videos about apricot and agricultural production and these videos will be shared with the public. First informative video was made on the subject of “Flower Monilia in Apricot” by the lecturer  Dr. Erçin Oksal who is a member of Faculty of Agriculture, Plant Protection Department and that video was shared on the university’s social media pages.

MTU Faculty of Agriculture Apricot Flower Monilia Report can be accessed from the web address

http://ozal.edu.tr/kayisida-cicek-monilyasi-hastaligi-kisa-calistay-raporu/.

The informative video on “Apricot Flower Monilia” can be accessed at: